Starting out in tennis? Learn How to Play the Game

In this blog, we introduce the basics of playing tennis for beginners. We cover fundamental rules, essential techniques, and beginner strategies to get you started on the court. Additionally, we suggest the best tennis gear for beginners, from rackets to shoes, including options that provide comfort, durability, and value for money.

With our 15 years of experience in tennis coaching and sports training, we’ve introduced countless beginners to the world of tennis. Our guide is designed to provide newcomers with a solid foundation in the game, combining our practical coaching experience with easy-to-understand instructions, ensuring a fun and rewarding start to your tennis journey.

Tennis-aspiring players should follow these tips:

Tennis players must follow a number of rules in order to score and win.

Tennis requires strict adherence to the rules, which you must understand if you want to play it correctly.

Tennis lessons for beginners are available here.

Tennis can be described in a number of ways.

Since the 12th century, kings have played tennis.

During a tennis match, two or four players face off across a large net, either in a singles or doubles match. The player hits the ball back and forth using a stringed racquet. Win enough games, sets, and sets to win a game, a set, and a match. This is referred to as a race to six. Each set is made up of six games.

What You Need to Know

It is relatively easy to keep score in tennis.

On your side of the court, you can only see the ball bounce once. If the ball lands twice on the ground before it returns to the net, a point is lost. Players who step outside the court boundaries are disqualified.

Balls that bounce twice within a court’s boundaries do not only forfeit a point. A player may also lose a point if they leave the court during play, serve a ball outside the court, or fail to return the ball to their opponent.

Three-set or five-set tennis matches are usually played.

A Comparison of Singles and Doubles Tennis

There are significant differences between singles and doubles tennis, but not too many. Two players compete on each side of the court in singles and doubles tennis, but only two players play doubles tennis.

Furthermore, for doubles tennis, the court boundaries are wider, so each player has more space to move.

Rules & Guidelines

  • The singles tennis court is narrower, with two players on each side.
  • A player who plays the ball and another who returns it are known as a server and a receiver, respectively. Tossing the coin or spinning the racket decides who serves first and where each player begins on the court. As an alternative to tossing the coin, the winner can also ask the opponent to decide the ending and who will be the first player.
  • Every game involves a switch of courts.
  • When the mistake is realized, it must be corrected by the correct server. Players who serve when they are not on the serving line do not incur any penalties.
  • The players or another authority will decide the game’s length at the start of a three- or five-game best-of-three or best-of-five match.
  • When playing, players must adhere to a few basic rules: the ball must be returned, the ball cannot bounce more than once, the ball must not leave the court, and all players must remain within the court lines.
  • The winner of the set is the one who wins six games. Games three, five, and six are winners.

Tennis Rules for Doubles

Doubles games are played on a wider court than singles matches; however, the rules are the same.

Many players think they need to hit alternate shots when playing as a pair. Neither player must hit the ball more or less than the other.

When a serve is made, both players can stand anywhere on the court, but it’s traditional to take turns taking one side.

Ball serving

  • There are four players (doubles), so someone else is serving every four games in singles and doubles tennis, which can be confusing.
  • Serving begins on the right-hand side behind the baseline, and players must serve diagonally opposite, into the service box on the left. Servants should switch every time a point is played.
  • It is possible for the server to try again when the ball lands outside of the service box. The player forfeits the point he would have earned if he had landed outside the box twice.
  • Instead of using a racket, players throw the ball up into the air and hit it while it is still in the air. The higher the ball, the more power the player has to strike it, resulting in more rapid serving.
  • Running or walking while serving is against the rules. Players, however, are free to move while serving.
  • Prepare for your tennis match by performing these exercises.

Changes between endpoints

You don’t have to adhere to the general rules about breaks between sets and end changes if you are only playing tennis for fun, but if you are a professional, you should.

Professional tennis players usually take a break between sets and between ends of one minute and a half. They use this time to use the restroom and for medical attention on the court.


You should practice your style of play as soon as you are able to score in a tennis match. Although it may seem complicated to a beginner, it’s quite easy.

Always announce server scores first. The score would be 15 loves if the server scored one point and the opponent scored none. A love of tennis is zero.

The following factors determine the score:

  • The value of love is zero
  • One point equals 15
  • Two points equal 30
  • Three points equal 40
  • Each player has four points (40).
  • A player only needs one more point to win
  • In a match where the player is at ‘Advantage’, the match point is the one that wins the match

Whenever a player loses a point, he or she returns to deuce. In one game, you can select to play three best-of-five matches or five best-of-three.

There are different ways to score tennis:

  • In tennis, ‘loves’ represent the points.
  • You are said to have ‘love’ if you are at zero, without a number attached to it.
  • A game begins with 15-loves and ends with 30-loves. Instead of 45 loves, the third point is 40 loves.
  • A player who has reached 40-love needs to score one more time to win if the other player is below 40.
  • When both players are 40, then the winning player has the “advantage.”. Should the winning player win and go on to win the game, then the game is over. After the next point, there will be two points remaining.
  • When a player gets two consecutive points, they win.

Now that you understand the rules, let’s get started playing this amazing game.

A Guide To Tennis

Court Navigation

  • There’s a court-wide net in the middle of a 78-foot x 27-foot tennis court, but it can feel much larger or smaller when you’re playing. So knowing how the court works is crucial.
  • You serve from white baselines at either end of the court. In other words, if the ball lands outside of these lines, the player loses the point. On the sidelines, there are similar lines.
  • You should use the inside line if you’re playing singles. A court’s line indicates the type of game being played. The outside line is used for doubles.
  • Getting your opponent moving around the court is often the best way to improve your tennis technique. Make your opponent’s life difficult by being unpredictable with your play style. You will tire your opponent quickly if you make them move from the back to the front of the court constantly.

Taking part in singles matches

There are some specific differences between playing singles and doubles tennis that you should be aware of before you start. One side of the net faces the other in a singles match. Every point of the game starts with a serve taken from the backline (the furthest point on the court). Serving diagonally will land you on the opposite left-hand service court.

  • Over half way on either side of the service court is marked with a white line. Whichever player failed to return the ball or the ball went out of bounds following the serve wins the point. This continues until the match point is reached.
  • The winner receives a match point. Whoever wins three or five matches first wins the game, depending on what you agree with.

After the first game, players switch sides of the court every time thereafter.

Taking part in doubles matches

It’s a bit more complicated to play doubles matches because you must strategize with your partner. Doubles tennis is almost identical to singles tennis.

Two players work together on opposite sides of the court when playing doubles. Each player serves in turn. Suppose player A serves first, player C serves second, player B serves third, and player D serves fourth. Easy.

The players alternate ends of the court during every odd-numbered match of singles tennis.


When you are learning to play tennis, you need to know how to serve correctly. The correct way to serve will determine your success or failure.

Players with right hands:

  • Step sideways behind the baseline while keeping both feet apart. Straighten your left arm as you throw the ball.
  • As you throw the ball, place your left foot about one foot forward so that it is within reach without much effort.
  • To add force to your swing, move your racket back as you approach the ball.
  • Straighten your racket arm when you meet the ball.
  • Shift your weight from your backfoot to your front foot as you strike the ball.
  • Your aim should be just above the opponent’s court, so that you hit the ball just above the opponent.
  • Rackets must be fully swung when serving.

Players with left hands

For left-handed players, the directions must be reversed.

It’s advisable to serve yourself only until you have mastered your swing. If you have a marked area in your garden or on your local tennis court, hit the balls one after another.

If you serve the ball, be prepared to receive the returned ball. You will have access to several different shots as you play, including the groundstroke, which involves hitting the ball after it bounces once. Forehands and backhands have different forces, so you need to pick which stroke you will use to determine the force of the ball.

Equipment selection

Everything, from your tennis equipment to your clothes, should be taken into consideration.


In order to avoid blistering on your palm, you need to have a good tennis grip for your racquet. Test out a variety of grips to find the right one.


For tennis, you need to wear comfortable, loose-fitting, and breathable clothes to keep you cool and to wick sweat away while you’re playing. Throughout the game, wear tennis shorts with elasticated waists and a top with back and arm vents to keep dry.

In tennis, both men and women should consider their underwear. In order to prevent injury when playing excessively, wear supportive sports underwear.


To prevent problems with flat feet, you should buy tennis shoes with a distinct arch, as well as heavily cushioned soles and mesh uppers. Combining these features will ensure comfort, dryness, and blister-free wear.

Suitable equipment

Every level of tennis skill calls for a different kind of tennis racquet, tennis ball, and racket string. Tennis brands such as Wilson, Head, Prince, and Yonex provide equipment ranging in price. Beginners may want to select racquets from tennis brands such as Wilson, Head, Prince, and Yonex.

To sum up,

You’ll move while using your strategy while playing tennis, which is a thrilling and rewarding sport. Get the right equipment and practice on the court a lot so you can learn to play tennis. Play singles and doubles at different levels and try different types of gameplay.